Know your rights

Preparation periods

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Among the many meaningful rights and professional protections that your contract provides is time carved out each day for teachers to do professional work. Whether you teach elementary, middle or high school, teachers are generally entitled to five periods per week (one per day) for unassigned professional work under Article 7, Sections A–C of the UFT-DOE contract. It is your choice how to use this time for professional duties that will best enhance your work.

A teacher may decide to use preparation periods to write lesson plans; grade papers; analyze student data; research a lesson topic; meet with parents or colleagues; or do other professional responsibilities of their choice. Prep periods are self-directed; you determine what to do during your prep periods. It can be an oasis in your day, a time to regroup and reflect on the work you do and maybe even to discover a new way to teach a concept or lesson.

This is a right we fought for and a right workers without a union do not have.


You may, however, lose a prep period if an unforeseen emergency arises at your school. The inability of a teacher to teach a class constitutes an emergency, and a supervisor may direct another teacher to cover that class during a prep period. You must, however, be compensated for lost prep periods after one unpaid coverage per term (see Article 7N).

The coverage rate per period, as set forth in the UFT contract, is $40.13, effective May 1, 2017. (The rate will increase to $40.92 after May 1, 2018; and then $42.15, starting June 16, 2018.)

The assignment of teachers to cover classes in an emergency should be made on a rotational basis to the extent possible. A rotational pool should be set up at your school, with those who volunteer for the assignment during their preparation period or professional activity periods filling in first.

Some prep period do’s and don’ts

A principal cannot mandate meetings (including for common-planning time) or administrative duties during your prep period. If you’re directed to do these kinds of things on your preparation period, you should follow the directive and then speak to your chapter leader to try to resolve the issue or file a grievance. You are entitled to be paid for a lost prep. Your common-planning meetings may, however, be your professional activity assignment (under Circular 6).

If you teach in a school that has been unable to fill a teaching position in a shortage license area, you can apply to teach that class in lieu of preparation time, and you will be paid at a special per-session payment rate if you are scheduled to teach all five periods of that class per week (see Article 7, Section O). The rate will be $6,436 per semester, effective May 1, 2017. (The rate will increase to $6,562 per semester, as of May 1, 2018; and then to $6,759 per semester, effective June 16, 2018.)

Teachers who are scheduled to teach fewer than five additional periods per week in lieu of preparation time or who are scheduled to take on that additional class for less than a full term will receive the special per-session payment on a pro-rata basis.

If you’re on a class trip and have returned to the school building in time for your prep period, you’re entitled to take it. You can lose your prep period if you are out of the building at the time of your prep period. Many schools, however, do arrange for teachers to get their prep periods when they return, even if they were on the trip during their scheduled preps.

Remember, the best way to ensure your rights are respected is to know your rights — and use them!

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